List of 29 Indian States and Capitals: If you want to know the details about the list of States and Capitals of India then you are at the right place.
India comes at the second number in terms of the most populated countries are there currently in the world having more than 1.4 billion people and located in the Southern Asia region. India is also the largest populous democratic country in the world.
Being the largest democratic country It is not possible to manage the entire country from a single place by a single governing body. Indian constitution has given the power to the Indian government to divide the country into further small areas that will be managed by the other governing Bodies at a smaller scale.
By using the constitutional power Indian government announces new states and territories from time to time. Indian Parliament can take some below-mentioned decision if there is any need.
- Announcement of new states.
- Diminish the area of any State.
- Change the name of any State:
- Announcement of new union territories.
- alter the boundaries of any State.
- Make a separate territory from any current Indian state.
- Separating territory by merging two or more states/ union territories.
Currently, there are 29 states and 8 Union Territories in India.
Please find below the list of Indian States ((States and Union Territories, Know India, Accessed on: Sep 9, 2020. [Online]. Available: knowindia.gov.in/states-uts/)).
|S. No.||State of India||Capital||Date of establishment|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Amaravati||October 22, 2015|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||February 20, 1987|
|4||Bihar||Patna||January 26, 1950|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Raipur||November 1, 2000|
|6||Goa||Porvorim||May 30, 1987|
|8||Haryana||Chandigarh||November 1, 1966|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||January 25, 1971|
|10||Jharkhand||Ranchi||November 15, 2000|
|11||Karnataka||Bangalore||November 1, 1956|
|12||Kerala||Thiruvananthapuram||November 1, 1956|
|13||Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||November 1, 1956|
|14||Maharashtra||Mumbai||May 1, 1960|
|15||Manipur||Imphal||January 21, 1972|
|16||Meghalaya||Shillong||January 21, 1972|
|17||Mizoram||Aizawl||February 20, 1987|
|18||Nagaland||Kohima||December 1, 1963|
|19||Odisha||Bhubaneswar||January 26, 1950|
|20||Punjab||Chandigarh||November 1, 1966|
|21||Rajasthan||Jaipur||November 1, 1950|
|22||Sikkim||Gangtok||May 16, 1975|
|23||Tamil Nadu||Chennai||January 26, 1956|
|24||Telangana||Hyderabad||June 2, 2014|
|25||Tripura||Agartala||January 21, 1972|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||January 26, 1950|
|November 9, 2000|
|28||West Bengal||Kolkata||November 1, 1950|
Union Territories and Capitals
Currently, there are 28 States and 8 Union Territories in India. Recently the Parliament of India passes the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, on 5,6 August 2019. Indian Parliament has re-constituted the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir as two union territories, ‘Jammu and Kashmir’ and ‘Ladakh’, with effect from 31 October 2019. Currently, India has 8 Union Territories.
Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her. From the largest to the smallest, each State/UT of India has a unique demography, history, and culture, dress, festivals, language, etc.
Please find below the list of Union Territories in India.
|Union Territories Names||Capital||Founded on|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||1 Nov. 1956|
|Chandigarh||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu||Daman||26 Jan. 2020|
|Delhi||New Delhi||February 13, 1931|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer)|
|31 Oct 2019|
|Lakshadweep||Kavaratti||1 Nov. 1956|
|Puducherry||Pondicherry||1 Nov. 1954|
|Ladakh||Leh||31 Oct 2019|
- The Constitution of India Part I, National Portal of India, Accessed on: Sep 9, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.india.gov.in/sites/upload_files/npi/files/coi_part_full.pdf.
- The Constitution of India – First Schedule, National Portal of India, Accessed on: Sep 9, 2020. [Online]. Available: www.india.gov.in/sites/upload_files/npi/files/coi-eng-schedules_1-12.pdf.
- States and Union Territories, Know India, Accessed on: Sep 9, 2020. [Online]. Available: knowindia.gov.in/states-uts/.